In recent times, the occurrence of monkeypox in Nigeria has raised concerns among health authorities and the general public. In today’s article, we delve into a Guard Against Monkeypox, thereby empowering Nigerians to protect themselves and their communities.
Guard Against Monkeypox: What is monkey pox?
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that can affect both humans and animals. It is caused by the monkey pox virus, which belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus, the same family of viruses that cause smallpox. While monkeypox is less severe than smallpox, it can still cause significant health concerns.
Guard Against Monkeypox: Causes
Monkeypox can be transmitted to humans through direct contact with infected animals or through human-to-human transmission. The virus can be contracted from various animals, including rodents, primates, and other mammals. Human-to-human transmission can occur through respiratory droplets, contact with bodily fluids or contaminated objects, and even from touching a monkeypox rash.
The symptoms of monkeypox can appear within 5 to 21 days after exposure to the virus. They typically start with flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. As the disease progresses, the following symptoms may develop
Rash: A rash usually begins on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body. The rash may progress from raised bumps to pustules, which can be painful and itchy.
Lymphadenopathy: Swollen lymph nodes are common during the course of the illness.
Chills and Sweats: Patients may experience chills and excessive sweating.
Sore Throat: Sore throat and cough may develop, especially in the early stages.
Fatigue: Fatigue and weakness may persist even after the other symptoms start to improve.
Guard Against Monkeypox: Prevention
Preventing monkeypox primarily involves taking measures to reduce exposure to the virus:
Avoid Contact with Infected Animals: Do not handle or come into close contact with animals that may carry the monkeypox virus, especially rodents, prairie dogs, and other exotic pets.
Practice Good Hygiene: Wash hands frequently with soap and water, especially after handling animals, their cages, or any items that may have come into contact with them.
Vaccination: when last did you get vaccinated? Although no specific treatment or vaccine exists for monkeypox, vaccination against smallpox has been found to provide some immunity and may reduce the severity of monkeypox.
If you suspect that you or someone else may have been exposed to monkeypox, seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and isolation can help prevent the spread of the disease to others.